Cataracts are a condition that affects the lens of the eye. In a healthy clear lens, light passes effortlessly through the lens for crisp vision. When a person develops cataracts, their natural lens becomes cloudy, blocking or diffusing the light that passes through. The result is a cloudy and blurry vision that will only worsen over time. The ophthalmologists at Price Vision Group specialize in cataract surgery to give their patients improved vision and enhanced quality of life.
Cataracts are an unfortunate part of the natural aging process of human beings. Given enough time, most people will likely develop cataracts. This is due to the chemical makeup of the lens of the eye.
The lens is made up of water and protein. As we age, the protein begins to calcify, causing the lens to become at first hardened and then cloudy. You may not notice it at first, but the process gradually worsens over time until vision is compromised enough to need cataract surgery.
Cataracts are most common in people over the age of 50, although the condition may be present at birth or caused prematurely by an eye injury. Other factors, including the presence of certain eye diseases, such glaucoma and eye tumors, may also cause the development of a cataract.
Cataracts develop gradually over time, and vision loss is often not noticeable for quite some time. However, as the cataract ages, you will begin to notice certain symptoms. These include:
If you’re experiencing one or more of these symptoms, an eye exam at our Indianapolis practice is needed to determine whether you have cataracts.
Once you begin to develop cataract symptoms, you can improve your vision using a number of aids, including new glasses, magnifying lenses, and special lights. These solutions are only temporary, but they can often prolong the need for surgery for years.
However, the only permanent solution for cataracts is to undergo cataract surgery. During this procedure, the doctor removes the cloudy lens of the eye and replaces it with a clear, artificial lens called an intraocular lens (IOL).
The good news? Cataract surgery is the most common procedure performed in the United States, and is amazingly successful, with over 95% of patients restoring complete visual clarity after the procedure. There are even advanced lens options that can leave you with 20/20 vision without glasses after the procedure.